The most extreme cold locations are located in polar regions that do not receive direct sunlight during the winter. Typically, these areas can be very cold. The coldest places on Earth in the Southern Hemisphere are Antarctica and the Arctic Ocean, which have a warming influence. Read on to learn more about these cold places. Here are a few. Listed below are the locations of the coldest places on Earth.

Vostok Research Station

Located on the Antarctic continent, Russia’s Vostok Research Station is the country’s only inland workstation. All other stations are coastal. Scientists from Vostok collect data on climate and earth processes, and study ice cores and ice sheets. Vostok also has a support staff including cooks, mechanic-drivers, and electricians. Vostok researchers make continuous meteorological observations and are able to work in poor visibility conditions.

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The weather at Vostok Research Station is completely contrasting from the rest of the world, with only about 22 hours of sunlight per day in December and a full night of darkness during the polar night. The weather station also has the lowest mean annual temperature of any other weather station on earth. Vostok was built by the Soviet Union in 1957 and is home to some fascinating research. Scientists have also penetrated a subglacial lake to study microbial life. During these studies, researchers have discovered an ecosystem of microbes and multicellular organisms that live at Vostok.

Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station

Scientists have been working at Amundsen-Scott South Pole station since 1956. There are about 50-200 scientists working there at any given time. The scientists conduct Neutrino research and study the cosmic microwave background. The harsh winter weather forces scientists to stop their research work for several days a year. The station is situated on a featureless ice sheet that drifts around ten meters per year.

The first flight to the South Pole was completed in 1909 by Richard E. Byrd. The Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station was not established until thirty years later. The next overland expedition was not until 1958, led by legendary New Zealand mountaineer Sir Edmund Hillary. He was the first person to climb Mount Everest in 1953. In addition, the station has a museum dedicated to him.


If you’re looking for the coldest place on earth, you’ve come to the right place. The permafrost is over 13 feet deep in Oymyakon, and the thermal spring in the town is still unfrozen. The people of Oymyakon live by a simple way of life. They drink Russki Chai, which is essentially Russian tea. They also eat hearty meals made of reindeer meat. Sometimes, chunks of frozen horse blood end up in the meal.

Despite the extreme cold, the village of Oymyakon is home to 500 people. Although mostly Indigenous Yakuts, there are also a few ethnic Russians and Ukrainians living in the village. The Soviet government originally attracted these people to the region by offering them high wages and a place in a cold, desolate environment. Currently, Oymyakon is the coldest place on Earth.

Klinck Research Station

In January of 2013, scientists discovered the world’s coldest place, the Klinck Research Station, located 40 meters above sea level in the middle of Greenland’s ice sheet. The station is inhabited by less than a thousand people, and temperatures are extremely moderate during summer and very cold in winter. The ice-covered lands average minus 4 degC year-round.

The geographic South Pole undergoes a polar night every year, a period when there is no sun. Scientists have recorded record-breaking plateau temperatures during this dark stretch of the calendar, which usually occurs in the months of July and August. However, the extreme cold records are only reliable for a few locations. The most extreme cold is a small area, such as the highlands of Antarctica.

Fort Selkirk

A former trading post located near the Pelly River in the Yukon territory of Canada, Fort Selkirk is the coldest place in the world. The temperature there can get as low as -74 degrees Fahrenheit in January. The town was abandoned in 1950 due to its inaccessibility and severe freezing conditions. Only aircraft and boats can access the town. Visitors can experience the bitter cold in January by visiting the Fort Selkirk National Historic Site.

For three years, the Russian Vostok station was the coldest place on Earth. After almost 40 years, it was visited in 2007 and discovered to be almost untouched. Scientists used the site to learn more about earth’s history. Vostok ice cores contained 420,000 years’ worth of environmental data, spanning four glacial periods. The icy conditions made it difficult for humans to live there.

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